LAY OF THE LAND

Gormire Lake – Abigail’s Leap

gormire1
Gormire Lake


  A previous post looked into some of the folklore and beliefs connected with Gormire Lake, located four miles to the east of Thirsk.

  One legend has it that a small town once stood where the lake is now, but on one fateful night an earthquake struck the town, and it sank into the earth. A great flood of water then covered the town and created Gormire lake. The folklore also says that under certain conditions, roof tops and chimneys can be seen below the surface of the lake, along with the glint of silver plates from the houses. Else where in the country these kind of stories have been shown to contain a grain of truth, with the discovery of submerged remains of Iron Age ‘Crannog’ type houses that were built out over the water. The reference to glinting metal work is also interesting in connection with votive deposits that were thrown into lakes during the Iron Age, and the proximity of the massive Iron Age hill fort on the hill top above the lake.

  Another version of the legend has it that a castle once stood where the lake is, and that the knight who owned the castle killed his wife in a fit of jealousy. As punishment for this crime the castle sank into the earth, and was covered by the lake. These stories are probably connected with the belief that the centre of the lake was bottomless, and also an entrance to hell.

The Witch’s Leap
  John Fairfax-Blakeborough mentions another local story about a witch called Abigail Craister who was chased along the Hambleton Hills above Gormire lake …
“An interesting old MS., which fell into my hands some time ago, gives an account of her being hunted by hounds, which runs as follows : — Of this dame it is remembered that once she being hard pressed by hounds upon her track, did from ye cliffe fling herself bodily into Gormire Lake, and there sinking came not forth from that place but from a keld spring or hole, over nine good miles from ye lake.” (Fairfax-Blakeborough, 1907)

gormire2
The cliffs above Gormire

  Although no direction is mentioned in this story, it seems likely that this is another (possibly earlier) example of the belief in an underground stream passage from Gormire lake, heading eastward under the hill side (see a previous Gormire Lake post). If this was the case, then ‘nine good miles’ from the lake would be the area around Beadlam and Nawton villages to the west of Kirbymoorside. ‘Keld’ is an old word for a spring, and it is interesting to note that the old OS maps show a spring fed pool called the “Keld” in the fields between Nawton and Kirbymoorside. This pool has been enlarged in recent years, but in its original form it would fit nicely with the story of the witch bobbing to the surface after travelling along an underground stream from Gormire lake.

gormire3
Keld Pond – “nine good miles” from Gormire (Image credit NLS)

gormire4
The Keld Pond near Nawton

  Further to the south-east of Nawton village, the old maps also mark a group of 4 springs called the ‘Keld Springs’, but these appear to have been small stream outflows rather than pools. Although this is another possible candidate for the ‘Keld’ in the story, it is perhaps harder to picture the witch ’emerging’ from one of these small springs (but see end notes).

  Another possibility is that the ‘keld spring or hole’ mentioned in the manuscript was a mixed up reference to the small village of Keldholme, just to the east of Kirbymoorside, but this village is actually 13 miles from Gormire lake. However, at Keldholme there is a natural feature called the ‘Spring Head’, where a stream of water emerges from a cave in the bank of the river Dove. Again, this curious feature must have been the cause of much speculation in the past as to where the water came from, and again the ‘Spring Head’ would be a fitting location in the story for the witch to re emerge from an underground stream.

gormire4
Water flowing from the Spring Head cave into the river at Keldholme

  As folklore often changes over time, it is possible that all these locations featured in the Abigail Craister story depending on where it was being told or by whom, although the Nawton Keld pond is perhaps the best ‘fit’ for the folklore.

End notes
  John Fairfax-Blakeborough noted that Abigail Craister was locally believed to be a witch, and that she had the power to transform herself into a hare or a black dog. In the story she was chased by a pack of hounds, which suggests that she was in the form of a hare, but this is not mentioned specifically, and it may be that the dogs were set after the old woman. From this it is also unclear if the shape shifting witch emerged from the Keld Spring in her human form or as a hare.

  As an example of the ‘flexible’ nature of folklore, it is worth pointing out that from the cliff tops above Gormire lake a person (or animal) would have to jump over 400m to land even at the waters edge. An impossible distance for an old lady witch or a hare – unless of course they used their supernatural powers!

  This ‘Witch’s Leap’ story is perhaps part of a tradition along the western edge of the moors, with the story of the Abbot of Rievaulx on his white horse jumping into the lake, or the Devil leaping from Roulston Scar, or the Hob of Over Silton jumping from the hill top above the village.

  In Scotland there is another ‘Witch’s Leap’ in the village of Carlops, 12 miles south of Edinburgh. A prominent crag in the village is known as the Carlins Loup (meaning the witch’s leap) from where witches would jump to a nearby hill. The Carlin name can also refer to the Cailleach – a supernatural shape shifting figure in Scottish folklore who created features in the landscape. An echo of the Cailleach can perhaps be seen in the ‘Old Wife‘ figure to be found in North York Moors folklore.

Reference
Fairfax-Blakeborough, J. (1907) England’s Oldest Hunt

The Lay of the Land

Archive

Blogs and websites

Get new posts alert by Email:

Folklore in the Landscape

Text and images copyright 2024